23andMe® brings the world of genetics to you. The Personal Genetic Service® is offered in over 50 countries. Once your saliva sample reaches our laboratory, results are typically available in your online account within 2-3 weeks.
23andMe analyses variations at specific positions in your genome. These variations, called SNPs (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms), have the potential to tell you about your ancestry and your traits—such as eye or hair color.
The 23andMe Personal Genetic Service includes:
- Ancestry Composition Report
- DNA Relatives Feature
- Traits Reports
- Haplogroup Reports
- Neanderthal Ancestry Report
- Additional Features
Ancestry Composition Report
This report uses DNA you inherited from both sides of your family and tells you the proportion of your DNA that comes from each of 45 worldwide genetic populations, offering a detailed view of your ancestry from before ocean-crossing ships and airplanes came on the scene. The report also compares your DNA to individuals of known ancestry from over 150 countries and territories in Europe, Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Oceania, telling you more about where your recent ancestors may have lived.
DNA Relatives Feature
The 23andMe DNA Relatives feature requires customers to opt-in to the feature to access it. This is a popular, interactive feature that allows you to find and connect with genetic relatives and see specific DNA segments you share with them. The DNA Relatives feature can identify relatives on any branch of your recent family tree by taking advantage of the autosomal chromosomes—the 22 chromosomes that are passed down from your ancestors on both sides of your family—and the X chromosome.
The 23andMe Traits Reports are included in the Ancestry + Traits Service. Our Traits Reports are a fun way to explore how your DNA makes you unique, from your food preferences to physical features.
These reports tell you about the ancient origins of your matrilineal and patrilineal ancestors. Haplogroups are assigned by finding the genetic variants that are unique to each group. These genetic variants typically originated tens of thousands of years ago. Women and men both receive a Maternal Haplogroup Report based on their mitochondrial DNA; men also receive a Paternal Haplogroup Report based on their Y chromosomes.
Note: Your matrilineal ancestors include your mother, her mother, her mother's mother, etc., and your patrilineal ancestors include your father, his father, his father's father, etc.
Neanderthal Ancestry Report
Even though Neanderthals vanished about 40,000 years ago, their DNA lives on in us. Based on research, Neanderthals interbred with humans around 60,000 years ago. Our Neanderthal Ancestry feature will tell you how much of your ancestry can be traced back to Neanderthals using SNPs located across all of your autosomes and your X chromosome(s).
The Personal Genetic Service also includes:
- Access to your raw, uninterpreted genetic data file* (Must not be used for medical or diagnostic purposes). Learn more.
- Access to share, compare and discover more with friends and family. Allowing you to trace DNA through your close family and explore the genetic similarities and differences between you and family members.
*This data has undergone a general quality review however only a subset of markers have been individually validated for accuracy. The data from 23andMe’s Browse Raw Data feature is suitable only for informational use and not for medical, diagnostic or other use. Consult with a healthcare professional before making any major lifestyle changes.